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Lettori, Faculty of Commissioners duly refers discrimination case to the Court docket of Justice

Lettori, Faculty of Commissioners duly refers discrimination case to the Court docket of Justice


Lettori case // Longest-running breach of the parity of remedy provision of the Treaty within the historical past of the EU nears an finish.

The Faculty of Commissioners at its assembly on Friday final unanimously counseled the referral of infringement lawsuits N.2021/4055 to the Court docket of Justice of the Eu Union(CJEU). The lawsuits, taken on account of Italy’s proceeding discrimination towards overseas language teachers in Italian universities(Lettori ), have been opened in September 2021. The Court docket has already dominated 4 occasions in favour of the Lettori in a line of litigation which extends again to the seminal Allué ruling of 1989.

Faculty’s information about the Lettori case

The Faculty of Commissioners’ resolution is recorded below the Jobs and Social Rights portfolio segment within the July infringement bundle. Given the newsworthiness of the Faculty’s resolution, a press free up, giving further element at the case used to be additionally printed.  It information that the case is being referred to the Court docket on account of Italy’s failure to put in force the ruling in enforcement Case C-119/04, a ruling which used to be passed down in 2006.

Of their ruling if that’s the case, 13 judges of the Grand Chamber held {that a} last-minute Italian legislation of March 2004 used to be compliant with EU legislation. The legislation awarded Lettori a reconstruction in their occupation from the date of first employment with regards to the parameter of a part-time researcher or extra beneficial parameters. The legislation, despite the fact that it stays within the statute ebook, hasn’t ever been carried out.

stack of books on table - Lettori case

Following Friday’s resolution of the Faculty, passion on this high-profile discrimination case is bound to extend. In enforcement case C-119/04, the Fee really helpful the imposition of day by day fines of € 309.750 on Italy for many years of discriminatory remedy towards Lettori.

The nice used to be waived on account of the enactment by means of Italy of a last-minute legislation of March 2004. In an eventual long term listening to Italy’s defence workforce could have the unenviable activity of explaining to the Court docket why the legislation which spared Italy the really helpful fines used to be by no means therefore enforced. Therefore, the case has the scope to be a big public and political embarrassment for Italy.

Infringement lawsuits pit complainants towards member states in breach in their Treaty tasks. It is going with out announcing that the member states have infinitely better assets at their disposal for protecting their place than the complainants have for proving the endurance of a breach.

The complainants’ relative downside on this regard is added to by means of the truth that exchanges in infringement lawsuits between the Fee and the member state in breach are confidential.  Therefore, below present preparations, a complainant is rarely totally positive of the Fee’s criminal place and intentions.

Towards those odds, complainant Asso. CEL.L, a Lettori affiliation based on the Los angeles Sapienza College of Rome, and assisted by means of FLC CGIL, Italy’s biggest industry union, has been offering the Fee with irrefutable proof of the endurance of Italy’s breach of the Treaty, each previous to and over the process infringement lawsuits N.2021/4055. A lot of necessary morals and classes at the efficacy of the infringement process and the position of the complainant emerge from those studies.

The Treaty Provisions on infringement lawsuits

The 1957 Founding Treaty of Rome empowered the Eu Fee, as mother or father of the Treaty, to take infringement lawsuits towards Member States for perceived violation in their Treaty tasks. Later, the Treaty of Maastricht additional empowered the Fee to take follow-on enforcement circumstances for non-implementation of previous infringement rulings, and the Court docket to impose pecuniary consequences on Member States the place it deemed the Fee had confirmed its case.

Those measures, specifically when taken in tandem, would appear good enough to treatment breaches of EU legislation in that rational member states would comply quite than pay heavy day by day fines.

Within the Lettori enforcement case, the Court docket waived the day by day fines proposed by means of the Fee as a result of Italy enacted last-minute regulation which the Court docket judged to be compliant with EU Legislation. Alternatively, Italy by no means therefore enforced its regulation.

Therefore the Fee needed to revert to the primary degree and get started recent infringement lawsuits, thus prolonging a case which will have to were resolved with the enforcement process.

Repetition of this unlucky consequence may well be have shyed away from by means of verifying with the complainant that enacted member state regulation has actually been enforced.

The complainant

gavel, justice, judge

Within the Lettori case, the infringement lawsuits have been preceded by means of a pilot case, which ran on for ten years. Nearing retirement, and despairing of ever receiving justice, a bunch of Lettori at “Los angeles Sapienza” College of Rome shaped Asso.CEL.L and carried out for and acquired the standing of an reliable complainant with the Fee.

With a mixture of talents in legislation, statistics, knowledge processing, Asso.CEl.L resolved to make stronger the standard of representations to the Fee and convince it to transport to infringement lawsuits correctly. A brand new professionalism used to be obtrusive within the group of a national census of Lettori, performed with the cooperation of FLC CGIL, which documented to the Fee’s delight that the colleges had now not carried out the CJEU ruling in Case C-119/04.

An intensive wisdom of EU legislation and process is very important for a complainant. To his finish, Asso.CEL.L arrange a internet web page to teach colleagues on Lettori case legislation sooner than the Eu courts.


Asso.CEL L is exclusive amongst Lettori consultant organizations in that it hasn’t ever authorised contributions. The negligible to 0 value of recent approach of knowledge conversation and digital conferences approach operating prices are very low.

Freed of the wish to canvass for contributions and the bureaucratic requirement to bring together and justify annual accounts, Asso.CEL.L has been ready to dedicate its very best energies to the infringement lawsuits. 

The ethical this is that would-be complainants will have to grasp trendy approach of web conversation to stay their operating prices low.

Family members with industry unions

In discrimination towards non-national staff circumstances the fortify of a home industry union is valuable. That FLC CGIL, Italy’s biggest industry union, referred to as at the Fee to prosecute Italy for its discriminatory remedy of non-national staff carried nice weight.

With its spectacular nationwide group, the cooperation of FLC CGIL proved crucial to the good fortune of the national Lettori census. The similar on-the-ground group facilitated the good fortune of the 3 protests held this educational 12 months, on December 13, April 20,  and maximum just lately within the nationwide strike of  June 30.

The Press

It’s glaring that excellent media protection is helping the reason for a complainant. In the college towns of  Padova, Florence (1), and Perugia (2),  native Italian TV  used to be beneficiant in protection of the Lettori strike of June 30. The target market reaction used to be very supportive.

On the Eu degree, The Eu Instances has constantly reported at the Lettori case from the outlet of the infringement lawsuits to the referral of the case by means of the Faculty of Commissioners to the Court docket of Justice. For funded organizations, there’ll at all times be a temptation to bask in propaganda to take care of subscription source of revenue.

In its members of the family with the clicking Asso.CEL.L has at all times adopted a coverage of by no means buying and selling accuracy for advocacy. This coverage has been facilitated by means of the Eu Instances coverage of offering substantiating internet hyperlinks to Lettori case legislation.

The Parliamentary Query

1024px Clare Daly 48836562062 Lettori, College of Commissioners duly refers discrimination case to the Court of Justice
MEP Claire Daly

Despite the fact that exchanges between the Fee and member states in perceived breach in their Treaty tasks are confidential in infringement lawsuits, the Fee should respond to parliamentary questions from MEPs.

Clever use of the parliamentary query can lend a hand a complainant’s case and such use additionally has a good public members of the family price.

Dublin MEP Clare Daly has saved the Lettori case sooner than the EU moral sense, each thru her speeches within the Eu Parliament and her questions co-signed by means of different Irish MEPs to the Fee. The final of those questions effectively referred to as at the Fee to refer the Lettori case to the CJEU.


On college campuses throughout Italy on Friday the Fee’s resolution to refer the Lettori case to the CJEU used to be warmly welcomed. Despite the fact that geographically far flung from the Lettori in Brussels, there used to be popularity that the Fee were responsive to the representations of Asso.CEL.L and FLC CGI in its behavior of the infringement lawsuits.

MEP Clare Daly mentioned :

“The verdict of the Fee to refer the Lettori case to the Court docket of Justice may be very welcome. Employees’ rights below the Treaty should be revered around the EU. I can proceed to liaise with the reliable complainant Asso.CEL.L and with my fellow MEPs to make sure that the Lettori obtain the settlements for the reconstruction of occupation because of them below EU legislation.”


(1) From 04.00 to 06.30

(2) From 04.40 to 06.47



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