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New struggle with Azerbaijan ‘very most probably’, says Armenian PM – EURACTIV.com


Armenian High Minister Nikol Pashinyan warned Friday (21 July) of the chance of a brand new struggle with Azerbaijan, accusing Baku of “genocide” within the breakaway Armenian-populated area of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Baku and Yerevan have fought two wars over the mountainous enclave and the signature of a peace treaty stays a far off prospect.

Talks underneath the mediation of the Ecu Union, United States, and one after the other Russia have caused little growth.

“As long as a peace treaty has no longer been signed and one of these treaty has no longer been ratified via the parliaments of the 2 international locations, in fact, a (new) struggle (with Azerbaijan) may be very most probably,” Pashinyan advised AFP.

Tensions escalated previous in July when Azerbaijan quickly close the Lachin hall, the only highway linking Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia.

The closure sparked considerations over a humanitarian disaster within the area, which reports shortages of meals, medications, and tool provides.

“We’re speaking no longer a couple of preparation of genocide, however an ongoing technique of genocide,” Pashinyan mentioned, regarding the Karabakh disaster.

Azerbaijan’s forces “have created a ghetto” in Karabakh, he mentioned.

Ultimate week, AFP spoke to locals within the rebellion area’s primary town, Stepanakert, who reported meals shortages and important issues of get right of entry to to scientific services and products.

The rising diplomatic engagement of the Ecu Union and United States within the Caucasus has irked conventional regional energy dealer Russia.

‘Crimson traces’

Armenia has depended on Russia for army and financial enhance because the cave in of the Soviet Union.

Yerevan has accused Moscow, slowed down in its struggle in opposition to Ukraine, of failing to fulfil its peacekeeping function in Karabakh underneath a 2020 Moscow-brokered ceasefire.

As the newest spherical of peace talks on 15 July in Brussels did not convey a couple of leap forward, Pashinyan mentioned that each the West and Russia had to build up drive on Baku to raise its blockade of Nagorno-Karabakh.

“If, in step with the good judgment of a few circles within the West, Russia isn’t assembly all of our expectancies as a result of it isn’t gratifying its duties, in a similar way Russia additionally tells us (the similar) in regards to the West,” he mentioned.

Pashinyan mentioned the growth at talks was once being impeded via “Azerbaijan’s persisted competitive rhetoric, hate speech against the Armenians”, additionally accusing Baku of pursuing a “coverage of ethnic cleaning”.

Fatal border clashes persisted between the ex-Soviet republics after a Russian-brokered ceasefire ended six weeks of preventing in autumn 2020 and Azerbaijan has since captured wallet of land inside of Armenia.

Pashinyan mentioned “Armenia’s territorial integrity, sovereignty, and the rights and safety of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh” are Yerevan’s “purple traces” at talks with Baku.

Global witness

Nagorno-Karabakh has been on the centre of a decades-long struggle between the 2 international locations that have fought two wars for regulate of the area — within the Nineteen Nineties and in 2020 — that experience claimed hundreds of lives from either side.

The Russian-mediated ceasefire settlement noticed Armenia cede swathes of territories it had managed for some 3 a long time.

Moscow deployed peacekeepers to the Lachin hall to make sure loose passage between Armenia and Karabakh.

“Armenia’s case is hard as a result of Armenia’s passion on this procedure is perceived and interpreted via Azerbaijan as a so-called encroachment upon Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity,” Pashinyan mentioned.

All the way through Western-mediated talks in Might, Yerevan agreed to recognise Nagorno-Karabakh as a part of Azerbaijan, however demanded global mechanisms for shielding the rights and safety of the area’s ethnic-Armenian inhabitants.

Baku insists such promises will have to be equipped on the nationwide degree, rejecting any global layout.

The discussion between Karabakh and Azerbaijan “will have to happen within the context of global mechanisms the place we’ve were given the witness, the global neighborhood would be the witness,” Pashinyan mentioned.

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